Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

A path forward for analysing the impacts of marine protected areas

Matters Arising to this article was published on 06 July 2022

The Original Article was published on 17 March 2021

Your institute does not have access to this article

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

$32.00

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. Sala, E. et al. Protecting the global ocean for biodiversity, food and climate. Nature 592, 397–402 (2021).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Gillispie, C. C., Gratton-Guinness, I. & Fox, R. Pierre-Simon Laplace, 1749-1827: A Life in Exact Science (Princeton Univ. Press, 1999).

  3. Dinmore, T. A., Duplisea, D. E., Rackham, B. D., Maxwell, D. L. & Jennings, S. Impact of a large-scale area closure on patterns of fishing disturbance and the consequences for benthic communities. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 60, 371–380 (2003).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Hiddink, J. G., Hutton, T., Jennings, S. & Kaiser, M. J. Predicting the effects of area closures and fishing effort restrictions on the production, biomass, and species richness of benthic invertebrate communities. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 63, 822–830 (2006).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Greenstreet, S. P. R., Fraser, H. M. & Piet, G. J. Using MPAs to address regional-scale ecological objectives in the North Sea: modelling the effects of fishing effort displacement. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 66, 90–100 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Suuronen, P. et al. A path to a sustainable trawl fishery in Southeast Asia. Rev. Fish. Sci. Aquac. 28, 499–517 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Amoroso, R. O. et al. Bottom trawl fishing footprints on the world’s continental shelves. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 115, E10275–E10282 (2018).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Atwood, T. B., Witt, A., Mayorga, J., Hammill, E. & Sala, E. Global patterns in marine sediment carbon stocks. Front. Mar. Sci. 7, 165 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Smeaton, C., Hunt, C. A., Turrell, W. R. & Austin, W. E. N. Marine sedimentary carbon stocks of the United Kingdom’s exclusive economic zone. Front. Earth Sci. 9, 593324 (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Legge, O. et al. Carbon on the northwest European shelf: contemporary budget and future influences. Front. Mar. Sci. 7, 143 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Melnychuk, M. C. et al. Identifying management actions that promote sustainable fisheries. Nat. Sustain. 4, 440–449 (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

Both authors contributed to the ideas and writing of the paper.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ray Hilborn.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

M.J.K. is currently funded by Natural Environmental Research Council (UKRI-GCRF), EDP Renewables, Fishmongers Company, Macduff Shellfish Ltd, Scottish Whitefish Producers Organisation, Sainsbury’s Supermarkets Ltd, The Cooperative, CISCO and Defra Seafood Innovation Fund. Less than 1% of his current funding is from fishing organizations. R.H. receives research funding from many groups that have interests in fisheries outcomes including environmental nongovernmental organizations, foundations, governments and fishing industry groups.

Additional information

Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Hilborn, R., Kaiser, M.J. A path forward for analysing the impacts of marine protected areas. Nature 607, E1–E2 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-022-04775-1

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-022-04775-1

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.

Search

Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing