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Rainfall an unlikely factor in Kīlauea’s 2018 rift eruption

Matters Arising to this article was published on 02 February 2022

The Original Article was published on 22 April 2020

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Fig. 1: Monitoring data from Kīlauea Volcano spanning January–April 2018.
Fig. 2: Rainfall on the Island of Hawaiʻi.

Data availability

GNSS datasets analysed during the current study are available from the UNAVCO Geodetic Facility for the Advancement of Geosciences (GAGE) facility,, and rainfall data are available from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information,


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We are grateful for comments from S. Ingebritsen and L. Mastin.

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Authors and Affiliations



M.P.P., E.K.M.-B., K.R.A., I.A.J. and M.R.P. contributed to magma pressure descriptions and calculations. S.H., J.P.K. and E.K.M.-B. contributed to rainfall calculations and pore pressure impacts. C.A.N. contributed hazard assessment and communication information. M.P.P. and M.R.P. contributed to statistical arguments. M.P.P. coordinated manuscript preparation, in which all authors engaged.

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Correspondence to Michael P. Poland.

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Poland, M.P., Hurwitz, S., Kauahikaua, J.P. et al. Rainfall an unlikely factor in Kīlauea’s 2018 rift eruption. Nature 602, E7–E10 (2022).

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