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The Living Planet Index does not measure abundance

Matters Arising to this article was published on 26 January 2022

The Original Article was published on 18 November 2020

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Fig. 1: Numerical examples illustrating the relationship between population trends and percentage change in total abundance, arithmetic average of proportional change, and the LPI.

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All data generated or analysed during this study are included in this published article.


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M.P. initiated the comment and led the writing process. All authors contributed to the text and approved the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Mikael Puurtinen.

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Puurtinen, M., Elo, M. & Kotiaho, J.S. The Living Planet Index does not measure abundance. Nature 601, E14–E15 (2022).

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