The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) has identified a list of publications that used ENCODE data. This list is publicly shared to provide examples illustrating how the resource has been used (https://www.encodeproject.org/publications/). a, Publications over time. Community publications appear to use ENCODE data and do not report ENCODE grant support in PubMed; consortium publications report ENCODE grant support in PubMed. In brief, community publications are identified using two steps; first, candidates are identified through automated searches for citation of ENCODE accession numbers, ENCODE flagship papers, or resources such as HaploReg and RegulomeDB; second, candidates are manually evaluated to determine whether ENCODE data were actually used. Consortium papers are identified through automated searches of PubMed for publications that were supported at least in part by ENCODE awards, and are not further evaluated or annotated. b, Human disease example publications. The subset of community publications that were annotated as ‘human disease’ (other categories are basic biology, software tool, fly/worm data) were further manually categorized by disease aetiology.