Extended Data Fig. 1: Cladograms to illustrate various hypotheses regarding haramiyidan relationships. | Nature

Extended Data Fig. 1: Cladograms to illustrate various hypotheses regarding haramiyidan relationships.

From: A monotreme-like auditory apparatus in a Middle Jurassic haramiyidan

Extended Data Fig. 1

The Middle Jurassic Tiaojishan haramyidans are here included in Euharamiyida10 (a junior synonym of Haramiyida66 in our phylogenetic analysis (Supplementary Information)). Clades considered to be close relatives of euharamiyidans are in blue in each tree (simplified from the originals). a, Euharamiyidans are in a monophyletic Haramiyida, positioned outside of Mammalia (parsimony and Bayesian analyses in ref. 4). b, Euharamiyidans are in a monophyletic Haramiyida, positioned within Mammalia in Allotheria with multituberculates; the gondwanatherian Vintana (not shown) is within Trechnotheria (parsimony and Bayesian analyses in ref. 3). c, Haramiyidans are polyphyletic; euharamiyidans fall within Mammalia in Allotheria with multituberculates, and Thomasia and Haramiyavia form a clade with tritylodontids outside Mammaliaformes; gondwanatherians (not shown) are sister to multituberculates (parsimony analysis in ref. 28). d, Haramiyidans are polyphyletic; euharamiyidans fall within Mammalia, and Thomasia and Haramiyavia form a clade with tritylodontids outside Mammaliaformes; the gondwanatherian Vintana (not shown) is within Euharamiyida (tip-dated Bayesian analysis in ref. 67). A, Allotheria; M, Mammalia; Mf, Mammaliaformes; T, Theria.

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