Climate change and tropical cyclone trend

Article metrics

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: Changes in mean TCS according to latitude, basin and time along with their mean latitudes and percentages at sea points.

Data availability

The tropical cyclone data were taken from the International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship (IBTrACS;

Code availability

All codes used to analyse and plot the data are available from the corresponding author on request.


  1. 1.

    Kossin, J. P. A global slowdown of tropical-cyclone translation speed. Nature 558, 104–107 (2018); Author Correction Nature 564, E11–E16 (2018).

  2. 2.

    Landsea, C. W., Harper, B. A., Hoarau, K. & Knaff, J. A. Can we detect trends in extreme tropical cyclones? Science 313, 452–454 (2006).

  3. 3.

    Chu, J. H., Sampson, C. R., Levine, A. S. & Fukada, E. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center Tropical Cyclone Best-tracks, 1945–2000. Report NRL/MR/7540-02-16 (Joint Typhoon Warning Center, Hawaii, 2002).

  4. 4.

    Kossin, J. P., Olander, T. L. & Knapp, K. R. Trend analysis with a new global record of tropical cyclone intensity. J. Clim. 26, 9960–9976 (2013).

  5. 5.

    Landsea, C. W., Vecchi, G. A., Bengtsson, L. & Knutson, T. R. Impact of duration thresholds on Atlantic tropical cyclone counts. J. Clim. 23, 2508–2519 (2010).

  6. 6.

    Kang, N.-Y. & Elsner, J. B. Consensus on climate trends in Western North Pacific tropical cyclones. J. Clim. 25, 7564–7573 (2012).

  7. 7.

    Landsea, C. W. Counting Atlantic tropical cyclones back to 1900. Eos 88, 197–208 (2007).

  8. 8.

    Truchelut, R., Hart, R. E. & Luthman, B. Global identification of previously undetected pre-satellite era tropical cyclone candidates in NOAA/CIRES twentieth-century reanalysis data. J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol. 52, 2243–2259 (2013).

  9. 9.

    Torn, R. D. & Snyder, C. Uncertainty of tropical cyclone best-track information. Weather Forecast. 27, 715–729 (2012).

  10. 10.

    Hodges, K., Vobb, A. & Vidale, P. L. How well are tropical cyclones represented in reanalysis datasets? J. Clim. 30, 5243–5264 (2017).

  11. 11.

    Kossin, J. P., Emanuel, K. A. & Vecchi, G. A. Past and projected change sin western North Pacific tropical cyclone exposure. J. Clim. 29, 5725–5739 (2016).

  12. 12.

    Neumann, C. J., Jarvinen, B. R., McAdie, C. J. & Hammer, G. R. Tropical Cyclones of the North Atlantic Ocean, 1871–1998. (Historical Climatology Series 6-2, National Climatic Data Center, 1999).

Download references


This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (2017R1A2B2005019) and the Korea Meteorological Administration Research and Development Program under grant KMI2018-07610.

Author information

I.-J.M. conceived the idea, designed the study, and wrote the Comment. S.-H.K. conducted most of the analysis and discovered the main results. J.C.L.C. contributed to the interpretation of the results and editing of the manuscript.

Correspondence to Il-Ju Moon or Sung-Hun Kim.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Additional information

Publisher’s note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Further reading


By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.