Extended Data Fig. 1: Relative bite forces and biomechanical performance measures of cynodont and mammaliaform taxa. | Nature

Extended Data Fig. 1: Relative bite forces and biomechanical performance measures of cynodont and mammaliaform taxa.

From: The role of miniaturization in the evolution of the mammalian jaw and middle ear

Extended Data Fig. 1

a, Relative bite forces for original-sized models. b, Relative bite forces for models scaled to the same size (with T. liorhinus as reference). Relative bite forces calculated as the ratio between muscle forces and resultant bite forces (obtained from reaction forces of finite element models). Range of values represents results for unilateral and bilateral bite simulations. cf, Average per element values for Von Mises stress (c), displacement (d), maximum principal strain (e) and minimum principal strain (f). Range of values represents results for unilateral and bilateral bite simulations (for original-sized models). Sample size for each species, n = 1.