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Does the galaxy NGC1052–DF2 falsify Milgromian dynamics?

Naturevolume 561pagesE4E5 (2018) | Download Citation

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Author information


  1. Helmholtz-Institut für Strahlen- und Kernphysik, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany

    • Pavel Kroupa
    • , Hosein Haghi
    •  & Akram Hasani Zonoozi
  2. Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Astronomical Institute, Prague, Czech Republic

    • Pavel Kroupa
    •  & Jörg Dabringhausen
  3. Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Department of Physics, Zanjan, Iran

    • Hosein Haghi
    •  & Akram Hasani Zonoozi
  4. School of Astronomy, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), Tehran, Iran

    • Behnam Javanmardi
  5. Departement Physik, Universität Basel, Basel, Switzerland

    • Oliver Müller
  6. Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, University of Saint Andrews, Saint Andrews, UK

    • Indranil Banik
    •  & Hongsheng Zhao
  7. CAS Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Department of Astronomy, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China

    • Xufen Wu
  8. School of Astronomy and Space Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China

    • Xufen Wu
  9. Department of Physics and Astronomy, LaserLaB, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

    • Hongsheng Zhao


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P.K. conceived the work and wrote the manuscript; H.H. and A.H.Z. performed the external field effect calculations; O.M. and B.J. contributed observational expertise on galaxies; I.B., X.W. and H.Z. contributed MOND expertise; J.D. contributed dwarf galaxy expertise. All co-authors contributed to the manuscript with comments and passages.

Competing interests

Declared none.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Pavel Kroupa.

Supplementary information

  1. Supplementary Information

    This file contains the external field effect calculation in MOND

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