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Biomedical ethics 2.0: redefining the meaning of disease, patient and treatment

The foundations of biomedical ethics were established in the 2nd half of the 20th century, but issues associated with medical practice continue to evolve from new technologies. Recent progress in genomics and genome engineering has changed the meaning of the basic words of medicine: disease, patient and treatment.

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Acknowledgements

The author acknowledges colleagues John Sadler, Tom Mayo, Matthew Brown and William Snell for their help with this essay.

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Correspondence to Frederick Grinnell.

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Grinnell, F. Biomedical ethics 2.0: redefining the meaning of disease, patient and treatment. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 21, 417–418 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41580-020-0247-7

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