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2D materials for durable and sustainable electric vehicles

The increasing popularity of electric vehicles as an alternative to internal combustion engine vehicles brings new realities, challenges and opportunities for scientists and engineers. A key element of this transition will be to develop solutions for lubrication, thermal management, electrical compatibility and corrosion inhibition. Two-dimensional materials are well poised to address these challenges and enhance the performance, efficiency, durability and, hence, sustainability of electric vehicles during this century and beyond.

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Fig. 1: 2D materials for tribological issues in electric vehicles.


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D.B. acknowledges the support by the National Science Foundation (NSF) (Award No. 2323452). L.I.F.-C. acknowledges the financial support given by Tecnologico de Monterrey within the Challenge-based research project IJST070-23EG68001 (call 2023). A.R. gratefully acknowledges the financial support of ANID-Chile within the projects Fondecyt Regular 1220331, Fondequip EQM190057 and the Millennium Science Initiative Program (NCN2023_007). A.E. acknowledges support from the Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Station startup funds and the Governor’s University Research Initiative.

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Correspondence to Diana Berman, Leonardo Israel Farfan-Cabrera, Andreas Rosenkranz or Ali Erdemir.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Berman, D., Farfan-Cabrera, L.I., Rosenkranz, A. et al. 2D materials for durable and sustainable electric vehicles. Nat Rev Mater (2024).

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