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Soft sensing and haptics for medical procedures

Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) lacks sufficient haptic feedback to the surgeon due to the length and flexibility of surgical tools. This haptic disconnect is exacerbated in robotic-MIS, which utilizes tele-operation to control surgical tools. Tactile sensation in MIS and robotic-MIS can be restored in a safe and conformable manner through soft sensors and soft haptic feedback devices.

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Fig. 1: Soft sensors and soft haptic systems for MIS and R-MIS.


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Correspondence to Sheila Russo.

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Gerald, A., Russo, S. Soft sensing and haptics for medical procedures. Nat Rev Mater 9, 86–88 (2024).

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