Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Biobased materials for sustainable printed circuit boards

Electronic waste, with printed circuit boards (PCBs) at its heart, is the fastest-growing category of hazardous solid waste in the world. New materials, in particular biobased materials, show great promise in solving some of the sustainability and toxicity problems associated with PCBs, although several challenges still prevent their practical application.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

$32.00

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. Awasthi, A. K., Li, J., Koh, L. & Ogunseitan, O. A. Circular economy and electronic waste. Nat. Electron. 2, 86–89 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Ogunseitan, O. A., Schoenung, J. M., Saphores, J.-D. M. & Shapiro, A. A. The electronics revolution: from e-wonderland to e-wasteland. Science 326, 670–671 (2009).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. LaDou, J. Printed circuit board industry. Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health 209, 211–219 (2006).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Ribeiro, P. P. M., dos Santos, I. D. & Dutra, A. J. B. Copper and metals concentration from printed circuit boards using a zig-zag classifier. J. Mater. Res. Technol. 8, 513–520 (2019).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Kosbar, L. L., Gelorme, J. D., Japp, R. M. & Fotorny, W. T. Introducing biobased materials into the electronics industry. J. Ind. Ecol. 4, 93–105 (2000).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Nassajfar, M. N., Deviatkin, I., Leminen, V. & Horttanainen, M. Alternative materials for printed circuit board production: an environmental perspective. Sustainability 13, 12126 (2021).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Bharath, K. N. et al. A novel approach for development of printed circuit board from biofiber based composites. Polym. Compos. 41, 4550–4558 (2020).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Lincoln, J. D., Shapiro, A. A., Earthman, J. C., Saphores, J. M. & Ogunseitan, O. A. Design and evaluation of bioepoxy-flax composites for printed circuit boards. IEEE Trans. Electron. Packaging Manuf. 31, 211–220 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Yung, W. K., Muthu, S. S. & Subramanian, K. in Environmental Carbon Footprints 365–431 (Butterworth-Heinemann, 2018).

  10. Correa, J. P., Montalvo-Navarrete, J. M. & Hidalgo-Salazar, M. A. Carbon footprint considerations for biocomposite materials for sustainable products: a review. J. Clean. Prod. 208, 785–794 (2019).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge support from Microsoft Research and the Lincoln Dynamic Foundation World Institute for Sustainable Development of Materials (WISDOM) at the University of California, Irvine. They thank A. Pistoia, Waste and Circular Economy Program Manager at Microsoft, for providing feedback on the draft version of this article.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Oladele A. Ogunseitan.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

J.M.S. and spouse have equity interest in Microsoft Corporation. The relationship with Microsoft has been reviewed and approved by the University of California, in accordance with its conflict-of-interest policies. B.H.N., K.S. and K.F. are employees of Microsoft Corporation. O.A.O., J.L., E.S., H.H. and M.I. declare no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Ogunseitan, O.A., Schoenung, J.M., Lincoln, J. et al. Biobased materials for sustainable printed circuit boards. Nat Rev Mater 7, 749–750 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41578-022-00485-2

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41578-022-00485-2

Search

Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing