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Multifunctional materials for implantable and wearable photonic healthcare devices

Abstract

Numerous light-based diagnostic and therapeutic devices are routinely used in the clinic. These devices have a familiar look as items plugged in the wall or placed at patients’ bedsides, but recently, many new ideas have been proposed for the realization of implantable or wearable functional devices. Many advances are being fuelled by the development of multifunctional materials for photonic healthcare devices. However, the finite depth of light penetration in the body is still a serious constraint for their clinical applications. In this Review, we discuss the basic concepts and some examples of state-of-the-art implantable and wearable photonic healthcare devices for diagnostic and therapeutic applications. First, we describe emerging multifunctional materials critical to the advent of next-generation implantable and wearable photonic healthcare devices and discuss the path for their clinical translation. Then, we examine implantable photonic healthcare devices in terms of their properties and diagnostic and therapeutic functions. We next describe exemplary cases of noninvasive, wearable photonic healthcare devices across different anatomical applications. Finally, we discuss the future research directions for the field, in particular regarding mobile healthcare and personalized medicine.

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Fig. 1: Fundamental mechanisms underlying representative photonic healthcare applications.
Fig. 2: Multifunctional material platforms for implantable and wearable photonic healthcare devices.
Fig. 3: Implantable photonic healthcare devices.
Fig. 4: Wearable photonic healthcare devices.
Fig. 5: Schematic illustration of mobile health and personalized telemedicine.

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Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Center for Advanced Soft Electronics (Global Frontier Project, CASE-2015M3A6A5072945), Engineering Research Center (ERC) Program (grant no. NRF-2017R1A5A1014708) and the Basic Science Research Program (2017R1E1A1A03070458) of the National Research Foundation (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT, Korea. This work was also supported by the World Class 300 Project (S2482887) of the Small and Medium Business Administration (SMBA), Korea. The Stanford researchers acknowledge support from Stanford Catalyst for Collaborative Solutions Program and Stanford Bio-X seed funding. The Stanford researchers acknowledge support from Department of Defense Air Force Office of Scientific Research (FA9550-15-1-0106), Samsung Electronics and Stanford Catalyst for Collaborative Solutions Program.

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G.-H.L., H.M., H.K., G.H.L., W.K. and S.K.H. researched data and wrote the manuscript. S.Y., D.M., S.H.Y, Z.B. and S.K.H. reviewed and edited the manuscript. All authors discussed the contents and provided important contributions to the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Seok Hyun Yun, Zhenan Bao or Sei Kwang Hahn.

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Lee, GH., Moon, H., Kim, H. et al. Multifunctional materials for implantable and wearable photonic healthcare devices. Nat Rev Mater 5, 149–165 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41578-019-0167-3

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