In this preprint, V’kovski et al. investigated the impact of respiratory tract temperature on SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 replication. Primary human airway epithelial cells (hAECs) were infected and maintained at 33 °C or 37 °C to mimic the human upper and lower respiratory tracts, respectively. SARS-CoV-2 replicated more efficiently at 33 °C than at 37 °C but this was not observed for SARS-CoV. Transcriptional analysis of SARS-CoV-2-infected hAECs suggested that stronger and earlier induction of an innate immune programme at 37 °C could explain the enhanced SARS-CoV-2 replication at 33 °C. The evaluation of how temperature impacts interferon responses in a larger number of donors will be essential to understand its effect on SARS-CoV-2 transmissibility and may open new avenues for therapy.
V’kovski, P. et al. Disparate temperature-dependent virus – host dynamics for SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV in the human respiratory epithelium. Preprint at bioRxiv https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.04.27.062315 (2020)
The author declares no competing interests.
About this article
Cite this article
Soares-Schanoski, A. SARS-CoV-2 likes it cool. Nat Rev Immunol 20, 406 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41577-020-0341-2