A mountable ‘smart’ toilet system has been developed to personalize health monitoring. The system uses excretion data, including urinalysis, urodynamics, stool form and defecation timing, stored in a cloud server. This smart toilet system has the potential to provide useful information to characterize symptoms of patients with bowel dysfunction or defecatory disorders.
Subscribe to Journal
Get full journal access for 1 year
only $4.92 per issue
All prices are NET prices.
VAT will be added later in the checkout.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Rent or Buy article
Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.
All prices are NET prices.
Shamloo, A. S., Bollmann, A., Dagres, N., Arya, A. & Hindricks, G. Smart watch devices for atrial fibrillation screening: it has to start somewhere. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 75, 1364–1365 (2020).
Park, S. M. et al. A mountable toilet system for personalized health monitoring via the analysis of excreta. Nat. Biomed. Eng. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41551-020-0534-9 (2020).
Lembo, A. & Camilleri, M. Chronic constipation. N. Engl. J. Med. 349, 1360–1368 (2003).
Talley, N. J., Weaver, A. L., Zinsmeister, A. R. & Melton, L. J. 3rd. Functional constipation and outlet delay: a population-based study. Gastroenterology 105, 781–790 (1993).
Nullens, S. et al. Regional colon transit in patients with dys-synergic defaecation or slow transit in patients with constipation. Gut 61, 1132–1139 (2012).
Brandler, J. & Camilleri, M. Pretest and post-test probabilities of diagnoses of rectal evacuation disorders based on symptoms, rectal exam, and basic tests: a systematic review. Clin. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2019.11.049 (2019).
Rao, P. K. & Jones, J. S. How to evaluate ‘dipstick hematuria’: what to do before you refer. Cleve. Clin. J. Med. 75, 227–233 (2008).
Simerville, J. A., Maxted, W. C. & Pahira, J. J. Urinalysis: a comprehensive review. Am. Fam. Physician 71, 1153–1162 (2005).
Raju, G. S., Gerson, L., Das, A., Lewis, B. & American Gastroenterological Association. American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Institute technical review on obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. Gastroenterology 133, 1697–1717 (2007).
Mathews, B., Ratcliffe, T., Sehgal, R., Abraham, J. & Monash, B. Fecal occult blood testing in hospitalized patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. J. Hosp. Med. 12, 567–569 (2017).
The authors declare no competing interests.
About this article
Cite this article
Wang, X.J., Camilleri, M. A smart toilet for personalized health monitoring. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 17, 453–454 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41575-020-0320-x