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Making WAVES against a tsunami of childhood obesity

The WAVES study, a large randomized controlled trial of school-based childhood obesity prevention, recently reported disappointing outcomes. However, considering the environmental assaults that challenge children’s abilities to eat, play and move for health, it is unrealistic to expect education programmes alone to create the systems-level change necessary to reverse the rising tide of obesity.

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References

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    Adab, P. et al. Effectiveness of a childhood obesity prevention programme delivered through schools, targeting 6 and 7 year olds: cluster randomised controlled trial (WAVES study). BMJ 360, k211 (2018).

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    Roberto, C. A. et al. Patchy progress on obesity prevention: emerging examples, entrenched barriers, and new thinking. Lancet 385, 2400–2409 (2015).

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    Langford, R. et al. The World Health Organization’s health promoting schools framework: a Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Public Health 15, 130 (2015).

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    Brennan, L., Castro, S., Brownson, R. C., Claus, J. & Orleans, C. T. Accelerating evidence reviews and broadening evidence standards to identify effective, promising, and emerging policy and environmental strategies for prevention of childhood obesity. Ann. Rev. Public Health. 21, 199–223 (2011).

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Author information

Affiliations

  1. School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

    • Kim D. Raine

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Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kim D. Raine.