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Making WAVES against a tsunami of childhood obesity

The WAVES study, a large randomized controlled trial of school-based childhood obesity prevention, recently reported disappointing outcomes. However, considering the environmental assaults that challenge children’s abilities to eat, play and move for health, it is unrealistic to expect education programmes alone to create the systems-level change necessary to reverse the rising tide of obesity.

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Author information


  1. School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

    • Kim D. Raine


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Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kim D. Raine.