Population-based mammographic screening is widely accepted as an intervention to reduce overall mortality from breast cancer, but at the cost of morbidity due to false positives and substantial overdiagnosis and overtreatment of ultra-low-risk disease, as well as personal and health-economic burdens. Recent data from a modelling study strengthen the rationale for personalized, risk-based screening approaches, now being tested in multiple clinical trials.
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We thank J. Matthews, University of California, San Francisco, for his excellent editorial assistance.
The authors declare no competing interests.
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Esserman, L.J., LaCroix, A.Z. Precision risk-based screening might maximize benefit and minimize harm. Nat Rev Clin Oncol 15, 661–662 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41571-018-0093-0