The population of patients who undergo cardiac surgery is becoming older and more medically complex, and frailty is increasingly prevalent. Prehabilitation is a multicomponent programme intended to better prepare these vulnerable patients for the stresses of surgery. Nonetheless, the effectiveness, implementation and effects on long-term outcomes of prehabilitation have not been clearly established. In particular, frailty might not be easily mitigated by prehabilitation.
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The authors declare no competing interests.
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Barbeito, A., Forman, D.E. Prehabilitation: evolving role in contemporary cardiac surgery. Nat Rev Cardiol 20, 793–794 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41569-023-00939-2