Awareness of the effect of the neighbourhood built environment on cardiovascular diseases is growing. In this Comment, we identify major conceptual, methodological and policy-relevant issues in research related to the built environment and describe potential future directions to improve the scientific rigour of research in this field.
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G.R.M. is supported by a Canadian Institutes of Health Research Foundations Scheme Grant (FDN-154331). K.O. is supported by the MEXT-Supported Program for the Strategic Research Foundation at Private Universities, 2015–2019, from the Japan Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (S1511017).
The authors declare no competing interests. In particular, none of the authors has a financial interest in Walk Score.
Walk Score: https://www.walkscore.com/
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Koohsari, M.J., McCormack, G.R., Nakaya, T. et al. Neighbourhood built environment and cardiovascular disease: knowledge and future directions. Nat Rev Cardiol 17, 261–263 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41569-020-0343-6