With improved biobanking of rare cancer tissue enabling more in-depth tumour profiling, as well as generation of clinically relevant rare cancer preclinical models, treatment strategies for patients with rare cancer will rapidly advance. The future successes of rare cancer research, with alternative approaches for diagnosing, researching and conducting clinical trials, will ultimately benefit patients with all types of cancer.
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This work was supported by fellowships from the Stafford Fox Medical Research Foundation (C.L.S. and H.E.B.); Cancer Council Victoria (Sir Edward Dunlop Fellowship in Cancer Research to C.L.S.); the Victorian Cancer Agency (Clinical Fellowships CRF10-20 and CRF16014 to C.L.S.). This work was made possible through the Australian Cancer Research Foundation, the Victorian State Government Operational Infrastructure Support and Australian Government National Health and Medical Research Council Independent Medical Research Institutes Infrastructure Support Scheme.
The authors declare no competing interests.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
International Rare Cancers Initiative: http://www.irci.info/
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Barker, H.E., Scott, C.L. Preclinical rare cancer research to inform clinical trial design. Nat Rev Cancer 19, 481–482 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41568-019-0172-2