Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • News & Views
  • Published:


Non-sticky interactions

Quantum mechanical fluctuations of the electromagnetic field in a vacuum between two close together objects result in an attractive force. Now, it has been experimentally shown that by exploiting a similar repulsive interaction, attraction between objects can be modulated simply by tuning temperature.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy this article

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Fig. 1: The Casimir effect and its extensions.


  1. Yapu, Z. Acta Mech. Sinica 19, 1–10 (2003).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  2. Serry, F. M., Walliser, D. & Maclay, G. J. J. App. Phys. 84, 2501–2506 (1998).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  3. Casimir, H. B. G. Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad. 51, 793–795 (1948).

    Google Scholar 

  4. Lifshitz, E. M. Sov. Phys. JETP 2, 73 (1956).

    Google Scholar 

  5. Derjaguin, B. V., Abrikosova, I. I. & Lifshitz, E. M. Q. Rev. Chem. Soc. 10, 295–329 (1956).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Schmidt, F. et al. Nat. Phys. (2022).

  7. Fisher, M. E. & de Gennes, P. G. CR Acad. Sci. Paris B 287, 207–209 (1978).

    Google Scholar 

  8. Lamoreaux, S. K. Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 5 (1997).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  9. Decca, R. S. et al. Ann. Phys. 318, 37–80 (2005).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  10. Hertlein, C., Helden, L., Gambassi, A., Dietrich, S. & Bechinger, C. Nature 451, 172–175 (2008).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  11. Zhao, R. et al. Science 364, 984–987 (2019).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  12. Munkhbat, B., Canales, A., Küçüköz, B., Baranov, D. G. & Shegai, T. O. Nature 597, 214–219 (2021).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  13. Esteso, V., Carretero-Palacios, S. & Míguez, H. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 5856–5860 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Gambassi, A., Hertlein, C., Helden, L., Dietrich, S. & Bechinger, C. Europhys. News 40, 18–22 (2009).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Victoria Esteso Carrizo.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Esteso Carrizo, V. Non-sticky interactions. Nat. Phys. 19, 161–162 (2023).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing