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Particle physics at accelerators in the United States and Asia

An Author Correction to this article was published on 21 April 2020

This article has been updated

Abstract

Particle physics experiments in the United States and Asia have greatly contributed to the understanding of elementary particles and their interactions. With the recent discovery of the Higgs boson at CERN, interest in the development of next-generation colliders has been rekindled. A linear electron–positron collider in Japan and a circular collider in China have been proposed for precision studies of the Higgs boson. In addition to the Higgs programme, new accelerator-based long-baseline neutrino mega-facilities are being built in the United States and Japan. Here, we outline the present status of key particle physics programmes at accelerators, and future plans in the United States and Asia that largely complement approaches being explored in the European Strategy for Particle Physics Update. We encourage the pursuit of this global approach, reaching beyond regional boundaries for optimized development and operations of major accelerator facilities worldwide, to ensure an active and productive future of the field.

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Fig. 1: Schematic of LBNF/DUNE.

Fermilab.

Fig. 2: Dominant Higgs production cross sections.
Fig. 3: Superconducting radio-frequency cavity.

Fermilab.

Fig. 4: Artist’s rendering of the International Linear Collider.

Rey.Hori / KEK

Change history

  • 21 April 2020

    An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

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Acknowledgements

P.C.B. is supported by Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL/Fermilab), which is managed by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC (FRA), under the contract number DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the US Department of Energy. G.N.T. is supported by the Australian Research Council and the University of Melbourne.

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Correspondence to Pushpalatha C. Bhat.

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Bhat, P.C., Taylor, G.N. Particle physics at accelerators in the United States and Asia. Nat. Phys. 16, 380–385 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-020-0863-3

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