Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Measurements make the phase

Measuring a quantum state often enough can leave you with a completely different phase of matter. Mix in competing measurements and you may find yourself with an entire phase diagram of dynamical quantum states and transitions.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Get just this article for as long as you need it


Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Fig. 1: Non-equilibrium phases induced by quantum measurements.


  1. Li, Y., Chen, X. & Fisher, M. P. A. Phys. Rev. B 98, 205136 (2018).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  2. Chan, A., Nandkishore, R. M., Pretko, M. & Smith, G. Phys. Rev. B 99, 224307 (2019).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  3. Skinner, B., Ruhman, J. & Nahum, A. Phys. Rev. X 9, 031009 (2019).

    Google Scholar 

  4. Lavasani, A., Alavirad, Y. & Barkeshli, M. Nat. Phys. (2021).

  5. Deutsch, J. M. Rep. Prog. Phys. 81, 082001 (2018).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  6. Nahum, A., Ruhman, J., Vijay, S. & Haah, J. Phys. Rev. X 7, 031016 (2017).

    Google Scholar 

  7. Chiu, C. B., Sudarshan, E. C. G. & Misra, B. Phys. Rev. D 16, 520–529 (1977).

    Article  ADS  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  8. Gottesman, D. Stabilizer Codes and Quantum Error Correction. PhD Dissertation, California Institute of Technology (1925).

  9. Sang, S. & Hsieh, T. H. Preprint at (2020).

  10. Ippoliti, M., Gullans, M. J., Gopalakrishnan, S., Huse, D. A. & Khemani, V. Preprint at (2020).

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Brayden Ware or Romain Vasseur.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Ware, B., Vasseur, R. Measurements make the phase. Nat. Phys. 17, 298–299 (2021).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing