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Nanotechnology for coral reef conservation, restoration and rehabilitation

The mounting environmental pressure on coral reefs calls for a rapid push towards innovative actions. Nanotechnology could help understand and protect present-day reefs to ensure their survival.

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Fig. 1: Overview of the coral holobiont partners, the existing nanotechnologies applied to reef-building corals, and promising applications to develop in the near future.

Adapted from an original figure by Hollie Putnam and Emma Strand


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This work was supported by National Science Foundation grants HDR 1939699 to N.A.L., HDR 1939795 to H.M.P., 1844536 and 2231621 to D.R., and 2149925 to D.W., the URI Research Council to H.M.P. and D.R., and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Aquatic Symbiosis Model Systems (grant 9325) to S.C., D.W. and M.T. This material is based upon work supported by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency under the Reefense Program, BAA HR001121S0012 to D.W. The views, opinions and/or findings expressed are those of the author and should not be interpreted as representing the official views or policies of the Department of Defense or the US Government.

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Correspondence to Liza Roger or Daniel Wangpraseurt.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Nature Nanotechnology thanks the anonymous reviewers for their contribution to the peer review of this work.

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Roger, L., Lewinski, N., Putnam, H. et al. Nanotechnology for coral reef conservation, restoration and rehabilitation. Nat. Nanotechnol. 18, 831–833 (2023).

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