Kim, D. et al. Epidermal electronics. Science 333, 838–843 (2011).
Lipomi, D. J. et al. Skin-like pressure and strain sensors based on transparent elastic films of carbon nanotubes. Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 788–792 (2011).
Khodagholy, D. et al. In vivo recordings of brain activity using organic transistors. Nat. Commun. 4, 1575 (2013).
Minev, I. R. et al. Electronic dura mater for long-term multimodal neural interfaces. Science 347, 159–163 (2015).
Jonsson, A. et al. Therapy using implanted organic bioelectronics. Sci. Adv. 1, e1500039 (2015).
Clements, M. & Thomas, N. High-throughput multi-parameter profiling of electrophysiological drug effects in human embryonic stem cell derived cardiomyocytes using multi-electrode arrays. Toxicol. Sci. 140, 445–461 (2014).
Asakura, K. et al. Improvement of acquisition and analysis methods in multi-electrode array experiments with iPS cell-derived cardiomyocytes. J. Pharmacol. Toxicol. Methods 75, 17–26 (2015).
Kitaguchi, T. et al. CSAHi study: detection of drug-induced ion channel/receptor responses, QT prolongation, and arrhythmia using multi-electrode arrays in combination with human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes. J. Pharmacol. Toxicol. Methods 85, 73–81 (2017).
Dunlop, J., Bowlby, M., Peri, R., Vasilyev, D. & Arias, R. High-throughput electrophysiology: an emerging paradigm for ion-channel screening and physiology. Nat. Rev. Drug. Discov. 7, 358–368 (2008).
Robinson, J. T. et al. Vertical nanowire electrode arrays as a scalable platform for intracellular interfacing to neuronal circuits. Nat. Nanotech. 7, 180–184 (2012).
Hai, A., Shappir, J. & Spira, M. E. In-cell recordings by extracellular microelectrodes. Nat. Methods 7, 200–202 (2010).
Duan, X. et al. Intracellular recordings of action potentials by an extracellular nanoscale field-effect transistor. Nat. Nanotech. 7, 174–179 (2012).
Graudejus, O., Yu, Z., Jones, J., Morrison, B. & Wagner, S. Characterization of an elastically stretchable microelectrode array and its application to neural field potential recordings. J. Electrochem. Soc. 156, 85–94 (2009).
Inal, S. et al. Conducting polymer scaffolds for hosting and monitoring 3D cell culture. Adv. Biosyst. 1, 1700052 (2017).
Kim, S. J. et al. Stretchable and transparent biointerface using cell-sheet–graphene hybrid for electrophysiology and therapy of skeletal muscle. Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 3207–3217 (2016).
Jacot, J. G., McCulloch, A. D. & Omens, J. H. Substrate stiffness affects the functional maturation of neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. Biophys. J. 95, 3479–3487 (2008).
Lacour, S. P. et al. Flexible and stretchable micro-electrodes for in vitro and in vivo neural interfaces. Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 48, 945–954 (2010).
Sasaki, M. et al. Highly conductive stretchable and biocompatible electrode–hydrogel hybrids for advanced tissue engineering. Adv. Healthc. Mater. 3, 1919–1927 (2014).
Simmons, C. S., Petzold, B. C. & Pruitt, B. L. Microsystems for biomimetic stimulation of cardiac cells. Lab Chip 12, 3235–3248 (2012).
Khoshfetrat Pakazad, S., Savov, A., Van De Stolpe, A. & Dekker, R. A novel stretchable micro-electrode array (SMEA) design for directional stretching of cells. J. Micromech. Microeng. 24, 034003 (2014).
Dai, X., Zhou, W., Gao, T., Liu, J. & Lieber, C. M. Three-dimensional mapping and regulation of action potential propagation in nanoelectronics-innervated tissues. Nat. Nanotech. 11, 776–782 (2016).
Feiner, R. et al. Engineered hybrid cardiac patches with multifunctional electronics for online monitoring and regulation of tissue function. Nat. Mater. 15, 679–685 (2016).
Sasaki, D. et al. Contractile force measurement of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiac cell sheet-tissue. PLoS One 13, e0198026 (2018).
Shaikh, F. M. et al. Fibrin: a natural biodegradable scaffold in vascular tissue engineering. Cells Tissues Organs 188, 333–346 (2008).
Park, J. et al. Electromechanical cardioplasty using a wrapped elasto-conductive epicardial mesh. Sci. Transl. Med. 8, 344ra86 (2016).
Lin, S. et al. Stretchable hydrogel electronics and devices. Adv. Mater. 28, 4497–4505 (2016).
Jang, K. I. et al. Soft network composite materials with deterministic and bio-inspired designs. Nat. Commun. 6, 6566 (2015).
Haraguchi, Y. et al. Fabrication of functional three-dimensional tissues by stacking cell sheets in vitro. Nat. Protoc. 7, 850–858 (2012).
Miyamoto, A. et al. Inflammation-free, gas-permeable, lightweight, stretchable on-skin electronics with nanomeshes. Nat. Nanotech. 12, 907–913 (2017).
Yang, X., Pabon, L. & Murry, C. E. Engineering adolescence: maturation of human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes. Circ. Res. 114, 511–523 (2014).
Ribeiro, M. C. et al. Functional maturation of human pluripotent stem cell derived cardiomyocytes in vitro—correlation between contraction force and electrophysiology. Biomaterials 51, 138–150 (2015).
Seta, H., Matsuura, K., Sekine, H., Yamazaki, K. & Shimizu, T. Tubular cardiac tissues derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells generate pulse pressure in vivo. Sci. Rep. 7, 45499 (2017).
Takahashi, K. et al. Induction of pluripotent stem cells from adult human fibroblasts by defined factors. Cell 131, 861–872 (2007).