Nanosensors for water quality monitoring

Abstract

Nanomaterial-enabled sensors are being designed for high-efficiency, multiplex-functionality and high-flexibility sensing applications. Many existing nanosensors have the inherent capacity to achieve such goals; however, they require further development into consumer- and operator-friendly tools with the ability to detect analytes in previously inaccessible locations, as well as at a greater scale than heretofore possible. Here, I discuss how nanotechnology-enabled sensors have great, as yet unmet, promise to provide widespread and potentially low-cost monitoring of chemicals, microbes and other analytes in drinking water.

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Fig. 1: Representative optical, electrical, magnetic and mechanical nanosensor platforms.
Fig. 2: Internet of Things (IoT)-enabled water sensing both within the distribution system and at selected points within premise plumbing.

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Acknowledgements

The author thanks his Virginia Tech colleagues L. Marr, M. Edwards and H. Wei for providing useful feedback on the manuscript, and thanks the US National Science Foundation (CBET-1705653, OISE-1545756 and CBET-1133746) and the Virginia Tech ICTAS Exposome Center for financial support. In addition, he thanks the McNeill laboratory at ETH-Zurich for providing a sabbatical home during which this Perspective was produced.

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Correspondence to Peter J. Vikesland.

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Vikesland, P.J. Nanosensors for water quality monitoring. Nature Nanotech 13, 651–660 (2018) doi:10.1038/s41565-018-0209-9

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