Microbial communities have essential roles in ocean ecology and planetary health. Microbes participate in nutrient cycles, remove huge quantities of carbon dioxide from the air and support ocean food webs. The taxonomic and functional diversity of the global ocean microbiome has been revealed by technological advances in sampling, DNA sequencing and bioinformatics. A better understanding of the ocean microbiome could underpin strategies to address environmental and societal challenges, including achievement of multiple Sustainable Development Goals way beyond SDG 14 ‘life below water’. We propose a set of priorities for understanding and protecting the ocean microbiome, which include delineating interactions between microbiota, sustainably applying resources from oceanic microorganisms and creating policy- and funder-friendly ocean education resources, and discuss how to achieve these ambitious goals.
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We thank R. Zaayman-Gallant, T. Rauscher and F. Ibarbalz for preparation of the figures, and the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation project AtlantECO, under grant agreement no. 862923. This article is contribution number 131 of Tara Oceans.
The authors declare no competing interests.
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Tara Ocean Foundation., Tara Oceans., European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL). et al. Priorities for ocean microbiome research. Nat Microbiol 7, 937–947 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41564-022-01145-5
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