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Microbiome genome structure drives function

Differences in microbial genomes can result in vastly different phenotypes and functions. Consequently, it is critical to understand the genome variations that differentiate microbial strains. Here, we discuss recent exciting advances that enable structural variant measurement, their associated phenotypes and the horizon for future discovery.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

Correspondence to Ami S. Bhatt.

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Fig. 1: Structural variation in the gut microbiome.