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Activation of Vibrio cholerae quorum sensing promotes survival of an arthropod host


Vibrio cholerae colonizes the human terminal ileum to cause cholera, and the arthropod intestine and exoskeleton to persist in the aquatic environment. Attachment to these surfaces is regulated by the bacterial quorum-sensing signal transduction cascade, which allows bacteria to assess the density of microbial neighbours. Intestinal colonization with V. cholerae results in expenditure of host lipid stores in the model arthropod Drosophila melanogaster. Here we report that activation of quorum sensing in the Drosophila intestine retards this process by repressing V. cholerae succinate uptake. Increased host access to intestinal succinate mitigates infection-induced lipid wasting to extend survival of V. cholerae-infected flies. Therefore, quorum sensing promotes a more favourable interaction between V. cholerae and an arthropod host by reducing the nutritional burden of intestinal colonization.

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Microscopy was performed at the Microscopy Resources on the North Quad (MicRoN) core facility at Harvard Medical School. This work was supported by National Institutes of Health grants R21 AI109436 (P.I.W.) and R01 AI097405 (J.G.M.). Many stocks obtained from the Bloomington Drosophila Stock Center (NIH P40OD018537) and the Vienna Drosophila Resource Centre were used in this study. This work was partially supported by NIH grants 5P30CA006516 (J.M.A.) and 5P01CA120964 (J.M.A.). The authors thank S. Breitkopf and M. Yuan for help with mass spectrometry experiments, and R. Taylor for sharing strain C6706 with us. This skilled and generous scientist has left a great mark on the field and a void in our hearts.

Author information

L.K., A.C.N.W., A.S.V., S.H., J.M.A. and P.I.W. designed the experiments. L.K., A.C.N.W., A.S.V., S.H. and J.M.A. performed the experiments. K.K.-P., A.E.P., A.A. and J.G.M. contributed critical reagents. L.K., A.C.N.W., A.S.V., S.H., J.M.A. and P.I.W. analysed the data. P.I.W. wrote the manuscript. All authors reviewed, edited and approved the manuscript.

Correspondence to Paula I. Watnick.

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Supplementary Information

Supplementary Figures 1–9.

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Supplementary Table 1

Normalized levels of polar metabolites in LB broth and the spent supernatants of parental strain CH494 and corresponding ΔhapR and ΔhapRΔvpsA mutants.

Supplementary Table 2

Significantly different metabolites in the spent supernatants of the parental strain CH494 and corresponding ΔhapR and ΔhapRΔvpsA mutants calculated by a one-way ANOVA with FDR 0.05.

Supplementary Table 3

Strains and plasmids.

Supplementary Table 4

Primers used in this study.

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Further reading

Fig. 1: V. cholerae high-cell-density quorum-sensing-dependent signalling is activated in the Drosophila intestine and promotes host survival of infection.
Fig. 2: V. cholerae quorum sensing promotes host survival independent of biofilm formation.
Fig. 3: V. cholerae quorum sensing and succinate supplementation prevent host lipolysis.
Fig. 4: Dilp6 knockdown inhibits host infection-induced lipolysis and prolongs host survival.