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2D materials

Synthesis of black phosphorus films

Controlling the vapour transport mode with sustained release of precursor species allows for the growth of single-crystalline black phosphorus and black phosphorus–arsenic thin films on the millimetre scale.

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Fig. 1: Schematic of the sustained feedstock release strategy used to grow large single-crystal BP flakes.


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Correspondence to Matthieu Fortin-Deschênes or Fengnian Xia.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Fortin-Deschênes, M., Xia, F. Synthesis of black phosphorus films. Nat. Mater. 22, 681–682 (2023).

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