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Carbon neutrality orientates the reform of the steel industry

The steel industry in China has an important role in reducing national and global carbon emissions, demanding integrated actions and efforts across policies, industry and science to achieve the goal of carbon neutrality.

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Fig. 1: Crude steel production and carbon emissions in the steel industry.
Fig. 2: Low-carbon steelmaking technological routes based on BF–BOF and EAF processes.


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This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (grant nos. 2018YFA0703503 and 2021YFA1200196), Overseas Expertise Introduction Projects for Discipline Innovation (Project 111, B14003) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant nos. 52188101, 51991340, 51991342 and 52122208).

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Correspondence to Yue Zhang.

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Nature Materials thanks Yinmin (Morris) Wang and the other, anonymous, reviewer(s) for their contribution to the peer review of this work.

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Kang, Z., Liao, Q., Zhang, Z. et al. Carbon neutrality orientates the reform of the steel industry. Nat. Mater. 21, 1094–1098 (2022).

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