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The development of molecule-based porous material families and their future prospects

Metal–organic frameworks, porous coordination network materials constructed with metal ions and organic molecules, have grown over the past 20 years into an innovative chemistry that has contributed to solutions for the problems faced by humanity in the environment, resources, energy and health.

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Fig. 1: Major MOF discoveries and developments over the past 20 years.
Fig. 2: Porous materials can manipulate gases, ions and macromolecules and contribute to society in many aspects.


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Correspondence to Satoshi Horike or Susumu Kitagawa.

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Nature Materials thanks Christian Serre and the other, anonymous, reviewer(s) for their contribution to the peer review of this work.

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Horike, S., Kitagawa, S. The development of molecule-based porous material families and their future prospects. Nat. Mater. 21, 983–985 (2022).

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