Nanolattices exhibit attractive mechanical, energy conversion and optical properties, but it is challenging to fabricate large nanolattices while maintaining the dense regular nanometre features that enable their properties. Here we report a crack-free self-assembly approach for fabricating centimetre-scale nickel nanolattices with much larger crack-free areas than prior self-assembled nanolattices and many more unit cells than three-dimensionally printed nanolattices. These nickel nanolattices have a feature size of 100 nm, a grain size of 30 nm and a tensile strength of 260 MPa, which approaches the theoretical strength limit for porous nickel. The self-assembly method and porous metal mechanics reported in this work may advance the fabrication and applications of high-strength multifunctional porous materials.
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The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
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We thank J. L. Bassani for insightful discussions on mechanics, D. Lee and J. Rosenfeld for helpful discussions on zeta potential characterization and L. Yang for discussions on particle synthesis. This work was partially funded by the pilot grant programme from the Center for Innovation and Precision Dentistry at the University of Pennsylvania, by the National Science Foundation under CAREER Grant no. 1943243 and by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Applied Mechanics Division Haythornthwaite Foundation Research Initiation Grant (J.H.P. and Z.J.). This work was carried out in part at the Singh Center for Nanotechnology, which is supported by the National Science Foundation National Nanotechnology Coordinated Infrastructure Program under grant NNCI-1542153.
The authors declare no competing interests.
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Jiang, Z., Pikul, J.H. Centimetre-scale crack-free self-assembly for ultra-high tensile strength metallic nanolattices. Nat. Mater. (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-021-01039-7