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Complex nanostructures in diamond

Meteoritic diamonds and synthesized diamond-related materials contain a wide variety of complex nanostructures. This Comment highlights and classifies this structural complexity by a systematic hierarchical approach, and discusses the perspectives on nanostructure and properties engineering of diamond-related materials.

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Fig. 1: Structural complexity in diamond.
Fig. 2: An energy–volume (EV) map of crystalline carbon structures.
Fig. 3: Projected properties of diamond-related materials containing complex nanostructures.

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Acknowledgements

P.N. acknowledges support from the Hungarian National Research, Development and Innovation Office project NKFIH_KH126502, the János Bolyai Research Scholarship, and ÚNKP-19-4-PE-4 New National Excellence Program of the Ministry for Innovation and Technology. L.A.J.G. was supported by NASA Emerging Worlds grant NNX17AE56G. C.G.S. received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement no. 725271). M.M. was supported by the IMPACt (R164WEJAHH) and the TRUE DEPTHS (ERC grant 714936) projects to Matteo Alvaro. M.M. also received support from the Barringer Family Fund for Meteorite Impact Research. We are grateful to the staff and for use of the facilities in the John M. Cowley Center for High Resolution Electron Microscopy at Arizona State University. Our computational studies made use of the ARCHER UK National Supercomputing Service (http://www.archer.ac.uk) via the UK’s HEC Materials Chemistry Consortium, which is funded by EPSRC (EP/ L000202/1). K.M. also acknowledges HPC resources provided by the UK Materials and Molecular Modelling Hub, partly funded by EPSRC (EP/P020194/1), and UCL Grace and Kathleen HPC Facilities and associated support services.

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Németh, P., McColl, K., Garvie, L.A.J. et al. Complex nanostructures in diamond. Nat. Mater. 19, 1126–1131 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-020-0759-8

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