Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Exfoliating large monolayers in liquids

Two-dimensional superconductors have been produced via a mild intercalation-assisted, exfoliation approach, providing large-size, high-quality single layers with the ease and versatility of liquid-phase processing.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Get just this article for as long as you need it


Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Fig. 1: Devices and structures from solutions of exfoliated 2D superconductors.

Adapted with permission from ref. 6, Springer Nature Ltd.


  1. Xi, X. et al. Nat. Phys. 12, 139–143 (2016).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Tran, K. et al. Nature 567, 71–75 (2019).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Cao, Y. et al. Nature 556, 43–50 (2018).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Alexeev, E. M. et al. Nature 567, 81–86 (2019).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Nicolosi, V., Chowalla, M., Kanatzidis, M. G., Strano, M. S. & Coleman, J. N. Science 340, 1226419 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Li, J. et al. Nat. Mater. (2020).

  7. Vallés, C. et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 15802–15804 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Cullen, P. L. et al. Nat. Chem. 9, 244–249 (2017).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Eda, G. et al. Nano Lett. 11, 5111–5116 (2011).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Lin, Z. et al. Nature 562, 254–258 (2018).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Christopher A. Howard.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Howard, C.A. Exfoliating large monolayers in liquids. Nat. Mater. 20, 130–131 (2021).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing