Proteins tailor pore geometry

Using organic solvent shortens formation time of membrane nanosheets comprising proteins and copolymers, while tuning protein structure tailors the pore geometry, resulting in superior water permeation.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: Stable membranes comprising artificial water channels made from proteins and block copolymers.
Fig. 2: Effect of intrinsic membrane permeance on process efficiency using spiral-wound membrane modules.


  1. 1.

    Elimelech, M. & Phillip, W. A. Science 333, 712–717 (2011).

  2. 2.

    Sholl, D. S. & Lively, R. P. Nature 532, 435–437 (2016).

  3. 3.

    Marchetti, P., Solomon, M. F. J., Szekely, G. & Livingston, A. G. Chem. Rev. 114, 10735–10806 (2014).

  4. 4.

    Park, H. B., Kamcev, J., Robeson, L. M., Elimelech, M. & Freeman, B. D. Science 356, eaab0530 (2017).

  5. 5.

    Kumar, M., Grzelakowski, M., Zilles, J., Clark, M. & Meier, W. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 104, 20719–20724 (2007).

  6. 6.

    Shen, Y.-x et al. Nat. Commun. 9, 2294 (2018).

  7. 7.

    Tu, Y.-M. et al. Nat. Mater. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-019-0577-z (2020).

  8. 8.

    Shi, B. C., Marchetti, P., Peshev, D., Zhang, S. F. & Livingston, A. G. J. Membrane Sci. 525, 35–47 (2017).

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Andrew G. Livingston.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Livingston, A.G., Jiang, Z. Proteins tailor pore geometry. Nat. Mater. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-019-0596-9

Download citation