Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Suppressing superconductivity by adding it

Using electric field gating, researchers demonstrate switching from a single- to a multi-condensate superconducting state at an oxide-based interface, and show that this transition leads to an overall weakening of the superconductivity.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Get just this article for as long as you need it


Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Fig. 1: Electrostatically induced transition between single- and multi-condensate superconductivity at the (110) LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface.


  1. Singh, G. et al. Nat. Mater. (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Schooley, J. F. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 305–307 (1965).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Binnig, G., Baratoff, A., Hoenig, H. E. & Bednorz, J. G. Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1352–1354 (1980).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Ohtomo, A. & Hwang, H. Y. Nature 427, 423–426 (2004).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Reyren, N. et al. Science 317, 1196–1199 (2007).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Caviglia, A. D. et al. Nature 456, 624–627 (2008).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Smink, A. E. M. et al. Phys. Rev. B 97, 245113 (2018).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Singh, G. et al. Nat. Commun. 9, 407 (2018).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Cao, Y. et al. Nature 556, 43–50 (2018).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Chen, C.-T., Tsuei, C. C., Ketchen, M. B., Ren, Z.-A. & Zhao, Z. X. Nat. Phys. 6, 260–264 (2010).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to H. Hilgenkamp.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Hilgenkamp, H., Smink, A.E.M. Suppressing superconductivity by adding it. Nat. Mater. 18, 913–914 (2019).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing