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Synthesis challenges for graphene industry

The past few years have witnessed significant development in graphene research, yet a number of challenges remain for its commercialization and industrialization. This Comment discusses relevant issues for industrial-scale graphene synthesis, one of the critical aspects for the future graphene industry.

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Fig. 1: Schematic of the most common commercial products of graphene and its derivatives: graphene nanoflakes, GO and continuous graphene films.
Fig. 2: Production capacity and quality of commercial graphene products.
Fig. 3: Finding killer applications of graphene.

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Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (numbers 2016YFA0200101 and 2014CB932500), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (numbers 51432002, 51520105003, 21525310 and 51362029), and the Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission (numbers Z161100002116002 and Z16110000211602).

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Correspondence to Hailin Peng or Zhongfan Liu.

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Lin, L., Peng, H. & Liu, Z. Synthesis challenges for graphene industry. Nat. Mater. 18, 520–524 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-019-0341-4

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