ORGANIC SEMICONDUCTORS

Beyond 100% doping efficiency

A single dopant molecule can exchange more than one charge with the hosting polymer semiconductor, doubling the maximum doping efficiency achievable.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: Double p-doping.

References

  1. 1.

    Walzer, K., Maennig, B., Pfeiffer, M. & Leo, K. Chem. Rev. 107, 1233–1271 (2007).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Kiefer, D. et al. Nat. Mater. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-018-0263-6 (2019).

  3. 3.

    Chiang, C. K. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 1098–1101 (1977).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Pfeiffer, M., Beyer, A., Fritz, T. & Leo, K. Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3202–3204 (1998).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Lüssem, B. et al. Chem. Rev. 116, 13714–13751 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Salzmann, I., Heimel, G., Oehzelt, M., Winkler, S. & Koch, N. Acc. Chem. Res. 49, 370–378 (2016).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Gaul, C. et al. Nat. Mater. 17, 439–444 (2018).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Zuo, G., Abdalla, H. & Kemerink, M. Phys. Rev. B 93, 235203 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Tietze, M. L., Pahner, P., Schmidt, K., Leo, K. & Lüssem, B. Adv. Funct. Mater. 25, 2701–2707 (2015).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Giovannitti, A. et al. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 113, 12017–12022 (2016).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Björn Lüssem.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Lüssem, B. Beyond 100% doping efficiency. Nature Mater 18, 93–94 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-018-0266-3

Download citation

Further reading

Search

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing