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Present status and future prospects of perovskite photovoltaics

Solar cells based on metal halide perovskites continue to approach their theoretical performance limits thanks to worldwide research efforts. Mastering the materials properties and addressing stability may allow this technology to bring profound transformations to the electric power generation industry.

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Acknowledgements

H.S. is funded by the EPSRC, UK and the European Union’s Horizon 2020 framework programme for research and innovation under grant agreement no. 653296 of the CHEOPS project. H.S. thanks P. Nayak for providing adaptations to Fig. 1c.

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Competing interests

H.S. is co-founder and Chief Scientific Officer of Oxford Photovoltaics Ltd.

Correspondence to Henry J. Snaith.

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Further reading

Fig. 1: Light emission and voltage losses in perovskite solar cells.
Fig. 2: Material production capacity and environmental impact.
Fig. 3: Patents and PV technologies under development.