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LLMs differ from human cognition because they are not embodied

Large language models (LLMs) are impressive technological creations but they cannot replace all scientific theories of cognition. A science of cognition must focus on humans as embodied, social animals who are embedded in material, cultural and technological contexts.

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The author thanks Z. Biener, A. Chemero and E. Feiten for comments on an earlier draft. Work on this Comment was supported by the Charles Phelps Taft Research Center.

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Correspondence to Anthony Chemero.

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Nature Human Behaviour thanks Mark Dingemanse, Ishita Dasgupta, and Julian Kiverstein for their contribution to the peer review of this work.

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Chemero, A. LLMs differ from human cognition because they are not embodied. Nat Hum Behav 7, 1828–1829 (2023).

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