Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Big STEM collaborations should include humanities and social science

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout


  1. Lèbre, É. et al. Nat. Commun. 11, 4823 (2020).

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  2. Galison, P. et al. Galaxies 11, 32 (2023).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. The Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration. et al. Astrophys. J. Lett. 875, L1 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Johnson, M. D. et al. Galaxies 11, 61 (2023).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Doeleman, S. et al. Bull. Am. Astron. Soc. 51, (2019).

  6. Loomis, I. & Cho, A. Science 348, 614–615 (2015).

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Galison, P. Governing epistemology: collective reasoning at the core of science., (2023).

  8. Hemming, V., Burgman, M. A., Hanea, A. M., McBride, M. F. & Wintle, B. C. Methods Ecol. Evol. 9, 169–180 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Mellers, B. et al. Perspect. Psychol. Sci. 10, 267–281 (2015).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. Marcoci, A. et al. Preprint at MetaArxiv, (2023)

Download references


We acknowledge the hundreds of researchers and engineers worldwide who have contributed to the ngEHT and have helped to define the direction of this collaboration. In particular, we are grateful to the members of the History Philosophy Culture (HPC) Working Group, and the attendees of the 1st HPC Workshop and Responsible Siting Workshop, as well as to J. Nguyen for comments on an earlier version of this manuscript. N.C.M.M. acknowledges support from the European Union’s Horizon Europe research and innovation programme for the funding received under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement no. 101065772 (PhilDarkEnergy) and the ERC Starting Grant agreement no. 101076402 (COSMO-MASTER). Views and opinions expressed are however those of the authors only and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Union or the European Research Council. Neither the European Union nor the granting authority can be held responsible for them. A.C.T, N.C.M.M, S.S.D., P.G. and M.D.J. acknowledge the Black Hole Initiative, a project funded in part by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. It was also made possible through the support of a grant from the John Templeton Foundation. The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of these foundations. S.S.D. and M.D.J. acknowledge support from National Science Foundation grant AST-1935980, and Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation grant GBMF10423. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Alexandru Marcoci.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

A.M., A.C.T., N.C.M.M., P.G., S.S.D. and M.D.J. are members of the ngEHT collaboration, an interdisciplinary project that spans STEM, the humanities and the social and behavioural sciences. A.M., A.C.T., N.C.M.M. and P.G. are members of the History Philosophy and Culture Working Group (led by P.G.). S.S.D. is the principal investigator of the ngEHT collaboration and the founding director of the EHT collaboration. M.D.J. is the project scientist of the ngEHT collaboration.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Marcoci, A., Thresher, A.C., Martens, N.C.M. et al. Big STEM collaborations should include humanities and social science. Nat Hum Behav 7, 1229–1230 (2023).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing