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Rethink funding by putting the lottery first

Research funding determines the course of science and thus shapes future knowledge. However, funding allocation is inherently biased, non-optimal and costly. We present a Shiny app that simulates the effects of funding scenarios on costs, diversity and quality. We advocate a lottery at the beginning to promote inclusion.

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Fig. 1: Exemplary grant application scenarios.
Fig. 2: Evaluation of the four exemplary funding scenarios with regard to costs, diversity and quality.


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We thank D. S. Stolz, Y. Schwarze, C. F. Weber & A. Schröder for their feedback on earlier versions of this article and the Shiny app.

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Correspondence to Sören Krach.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Luebber, F., Krach, S., Martinez Mateo, M. et al. Rethink funding by putting the lottery first. Nat Hum Behav 7, 1031–1033 (2023).

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