Subscribe to Journal
Get full journal access for 1 year
only $8.25 per issue
All prices are NET prices.
VAT will be added later in the checkout.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Rent or Buy article
Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.
All prices are NET prices.
The data that support the findings of this reply are available from Monitoring the Future (MTF) and the UK data service (MCS), but restrictions apply to the availability of these data, which were used under license for the current study and are therefore not publicly available. However, data are available from the relevant third-party repository after agreement to their terms of usage. Information about data collection and questionnaires is available on the OSF at https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/7XHA2. For brevity, we have not included all of the sample size measurements in this manuscript, but they are available in the data files on the OSF.
The code used to analyse the relevant data are available on the Open Science Framework at https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/BYQM5.
Twenge, J. M. Underestimating digital media harm. Reply to: Adolescent technology and well-being. Nat. Hum. Behav. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-020-0839-4 (2020).
Orben, A. & Przybylski, A. K. The association between adolescent well-being and digital technology use. Nat. Hum. Behav. 3, 173–182 (2019).
Simonsohn, U., Simmons, J. P. & Nelson, L. D. Specification curve: descriptive and inferential statistics on all reasonable specifications. SSRN Elect. J. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2694998 (2019).
Silberzahn, R. et al. Many analysts, one data set: making transparent how variations in analytic choices affect results. Adv. Methods Pract. Psychol. Sci. 1, 337–356 (2018).
Kelly, Y., Zilanawala, A., Booker, C. & Sacker, A. Social media use and adolescent mental health: findings from the UK Millennium Cohort Study. EClinicalMedicine 6, 59–68 (2019).
Twenge, J. M., Joiner, T. E., Rogers, M. L. & Martin, G. N. Increases in depressive symptoms, suicide-related outcomes, and suicide rates among U.S. adolescents after 2010 and links to increased new media screen time. Clin. Psychol. Sci. 6, 3–17 (2017).
Orben, A., Dienlin, T. & Przybylski, A. K. Social media’s enduring effect on adolescent life satisfaction. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 116, 10226–10228 (2019).
Przybylski, A. K. & Weinstein, N. A large-scale test of the goldilocks hypothesis. Psychol. Sci. 28, 204–215 (2017).
Altman, D. G. & Royston, P. The cost of dichotomising continuous variables. BMJ 332, 1080 (2006).
Orben, A. & Przybylski, A. K. Screens, teens, and psychological well-being: evidence from three time-use-diary studies. Psychol. Sci. 30, 682–696 (2019).
Orben, A. Teens, Screens and Well-Being: An Improved Approach. PhD thesis, Oxford University (2019).
A.O. and A.K.P. have no competing financial interests; in the last five years, A.K.P. has served in an unpaid advisory capacity with the OECD, UNICEF, Facebook Inc., Google Inc. and the ParentZone. A.O. and A.K.P. have been called as expert witnesses for a variety of UK governmental bodies and departments including Parliamentary Select Committees.
Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Extended Data Fig. 1 Comparing digital technology use correlation with well-being measures to listening to music with well-being measures in the MTF dataset.
Plots of the variables listening to music and mean digital technology use against the mean of all well-being measures in the survey. The small points are individual participants, while the lines are mean values.
About this article
Cite this article
Orben, A., Przybylski, A.K. Reply to: Underestimating digital media harm. Nat Hum Behav 4, 349–351 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-020-0840-y
Trends in Cognitive Sciences (2021)
Communication Theory (2020)
Annual Review of Developmental Psychology (2020)
SSRN Electronic Journal (2020)