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Underestimating digital media harm

Matters Arising to this article was published on 17 April 2020

The Original Article was published on 14 January 2019

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Fig. 1: Percentage of the MCS cohort with clinically relevant depressive symptoms as a function of social media use.
Fig. 2: Average linear r values between well-being and various factors in boys and girls from two datasets.


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Authors and Affiliations



J.M.T. developed the study concept, analysed the data and wrote the first draft of the manuscript. J.H., W.K.C. and T.E.J. provided crucial revisions.

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Correspondence to Jean M. Twenge.

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Competing interests

J.M.T., J.H., W.K.C. and T.E.J. have received speaking honoraria and consulting fees from non-profit and for-profit entities for presenting research.

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Extended data

Extended Data Fig. 1

Associations between internet use and well-being indicators, boys, Millennium Cohort Study (includes demographic controls).

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Twenge, J.M., Haidt, J., Joiner, T.E. et al. Underestimating digital media harm. Nat Hum Behav 4, 346–348 (2020).

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