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Gender inequality in work-family balance

Gender inequalities in work–family balance have wide-reaching ramifications: women shoulder the greatest burden of unpaid work and care, both decreasing their opportunities for employment and contributing significantly to the gender pay gap. Concerted measures at both the policy and ideological level are required to redress this problem.

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Fig. 1: Women’s and men’s unpaid work: population aged 20–59.
Fig. 2: Women’s proportion of all paid and unpaid work: population aged 20–59.


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The writing of this commentary was supported by the Economic and Social Research Council (Collecting New Time Use Resources, ES/L011662/1) and the European Research Council (Social Change and Everyday Life, 339703). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Oriel Sullivan.

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Sullivan, O. Gender inequality in work-family balance. Nat Hum Behav 3, 201–203 (2019).

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