Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

The push for independence in Catalonia

In 2017, Catalonia unilaterally declared independence from Spain. The independence push was not simply a bottom-up process wherein citizens increasingly demanded independence. Catalan political elites were more radical than voters and competitive outbidding to win hegemony in the pro-independence camp fuelled the independence push.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout


  1. Linz, J. J. in Building States and Nations Vol. 2 (eds Eisentadt, S. N. & Rokkan, S.) 32–116 (Sage, Beverly Hills, 1973).

  2. Barberà, O. & Barrio, A. in Regionalist Parties in Western Europe (eds Mazzoleni, O. & Mueller, S.) 61–85 (Routledge, New York, 2017).

  3. Field, B. N. Why Minority Governments Work: Multilevel Territorial Politics in Spain (Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2016).

    Google Scholar 

  4. Rico, G. & Liñeira, R. South Eur. Soc. Polit. 19, 257–280 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Bartomeus, O. in El Proceso Separatista en Cataluña (eds Forti, S., González i Vilalta, A. & Ucelay-Da Cal, E.) 111–130 (Comares, Granada, 2017).

  6. Serrano, I. Reg. Fed. Stud. 23, 523–545 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Crameri, K. Nationalism Ethn. Polit. 21, 104–120 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Barrio, A. & Rodríguez-Teruel, J. Ethn. Racial Stud. 40, 1776–1794 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. May, J. D. Polit. Stud. 21, 135–151 (1973).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Colomer, J. M. Natl Pap. 45, 950–967 (2017).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Astrid Barrio.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Barrio, A., Field, B.N. The push for independence in Catalonia. Nat Hum Behav 2, 713–715 (2018).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing