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The push for independence in Catalonia

In 2017, Catalonia unilaterally declared independence from Spain. The independence push was not simply a bottom-up process wherein citizens increasingly demanded independence. Catalan political elites were more radical than voters and competitive outbidding to win hegemony in the pro-independence camp fuelled the independence push.

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Correspondence to Astrid Barrio.

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Barrio, A., Field, B.N. The push for independence in Catalonia. Nat Hum Behav 2, 713–715 (2018).

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