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Author information

Affiliations

  1. School of Communication, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

    • Richard Huskey
    •  & Nicholas Matthews
  2. Department of Communication Studies, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA

    • Nicholas Bowman
  3. Department of Communication, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA

    • Allison Eden
    • , Lindsay Hahn
    •  & Ron Tamborini
  4. Department of Communication, State University of New York Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA

    • Matthew Grizzard
  5. Stan Richards School of Advertising and Public Relations, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA

    • Robert Lewis
  6. Department of Communication, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA

    • Joseph B. Walther
    •  & René Weber

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Contributions

R.H. conceived of the manuscript. R.H., N.B., A.E., M.G., L.H., R.L., N.M., R.T., J.B.W. and R.W. wrote the manuscript. After R.H., authors are listed in alphabetical order by surname.

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to René Weber.