Human aversion to differentness


New research suggests links between disliking visual patterns that contain irregularities and disliking people who are different in some way. Now we need to understand better the parameters of this effect, the mechanisms behind it and its developmental origins.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. 1.

    Gollwitzer, A., Marshall, J., Wang, Y. & Bargh, J. A. Nat. Hum. Behav. 1, (2017).

  2. 2.

    Solomon, A. Far from the Tree (Scribner, New York, NY, 2012).

  3. 3.

    Inagaki, T. K. & Eisenberger, N. I. Psychol. Sci. 24, 2272–2280 (2013).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Eisenberger, N. I. in The Oxford Handbook of Social Exclusion (ed. DeWall, C. N.) 152–162 (Oxford Univ. Press, New York, NY, 2013).

  5. 5.

    Williams, L. E., Huang, J. Y. & Bargh, J. A. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol. 39, 1257–1267 (2009).

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Bornstein, M. H., Ferdinandsen, K. & Gross, C. G. Dev. Psychol. 17, 82–86 (1981).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Rubenstein, A. J., Kalakanis, L. & Langlois, J. H. Dev. Psychol. 35, 848–855 (1999).

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Bar-Haim, Y., Ziv, T., Lamy, D. & Hodes, R. M. Psychol. Sci. 17, 159–163 (2006).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Hamlin, J. K. Curr. Dir. Psychol. Sci. 22, 186–193 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Mahajan, N. & Wynn, K. Cognition 124, 227–233 (2012).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Tomasello, M. & Vaish, A. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 64, 231–255 (2013).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Carol Sigelman.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sigelman, C. Human aversion to differentness. Nat Hum Behav 1, 862–863 (2017).

Download citation